History Shortform I

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1916 - 1952 - ST. FAITH'S LODGE


1916 - St. Faith's Lodge :Sponsored by Anglican Church  

  • Rescue home for girls : first offenders from Court


1920 - Receiving $1.25 per day per girl in residence


1923 - Service extended to include referrals from other agencies

  • Detention cases now refused. Girls with Anglican faith given priority


1926 - Federation of Community Services cut financial support

Became placement service for domestics and outlet for charitable deeds


1942 - Severed relations with "Downtown Church Workers Assoc."

War years intensified problems of Lodge


1947 - Board of St. Faith's advised by Welfare Council,confirmed need for residential treatment for teenage



1950 - Lodge closed for reorganization, property sold


1952 - St. Faith's Lodge reopened under name of WARRENDALE

(in memory of Mrs. Warren, President of St. Faith's for three years)

  • Aug.1 - Warrendale opened on property they purchased in Newmarket-
  •  Specialized as non-denominational residential centre for girls 12-15 years requiring continueddiagnosis and treatment in a group setting. Operated as a residential centre for one year

1953 - 1966 WARRENDALE 


1953 - John Brown hired as Executive Director.

  • Goal : to provide total care and after-care treatment for emotionally disturbed girls, family adjustment
  • to cater to special, individual needs of child helping child to do this vs telling
  • J.B. dispensed with classification of kids and with institutional settings and kinds of treatment

Landmark : residential treatment centre in Ontario non-existent prior to this date by de-institutionalizing

  • the treatment care for these children; J.B. instituted the importance and need of healthy families for these kids.
  • Program centred around providing artificial families, supportive groups to provide warmth and stability : concept Therapeutic Family


1956 - "Routines, Limits and Anchor Points", handbook re management of the child in the therapeutic family throughout the day, published by John Brown


1957 - Warrendale has formal school, some children could not handle stress and expectations of community school

  • Most important function of school was the relationship of the teacher to the child


1958 - Large group of girls divided into several smaller groups

  • Staff responsibilities were formalized; resident workers, head caseworkers, program director, house administrator

1960 - First year Warrendale had its own camp - Elizabeth F. Brown

Memorial Camp, Duck Lake, Haliburton, Ontario


1962 - Oak Ridges property acquired

First time boys in day school with Warrendale children


1963 Warrendale offering :

Family oriented treatment services; after-care to children and families; out-patient

  • Elizabeth F. Brown Memorial Camp : First year boys in summer camp, at end of camp some of the boys in residence in Oak Ridges despite opposition from outside
  • professional groups and community at large : anxiety about boys and girls living together
  • Training : to students of University of Toronto School of Social work
  • Children referred from agencies in Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, British Columbia and some States in U.S.A.

1964 - In-Service treatment program, 50 children

  • Specialized school, 28 children
  • Summer camp for emotionally disturbed children, capacity 150 children
  • Group and individual therapy program; out-patient service

1965 - Funds raised for joint Boy's Village and Warrendale program

  • Newmarket house closed down
  • Amalgamation with Oak Ridge program, main house; cottage;senior house; farm house in Oak Ridges
  • Dec. Warrendale occupied new treatment facilities including office and school in Etobicoke
  • Four houses based on family groupings, boys and girls at different age levels


1966 - Warrendale : 4 houses in Oak Ridges and school

  • 4 houses in Etobicoke and school
  • Children still being referred from agencies in Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, British Columbia and some states in U.S.A.
  • Program had developed a high degree of sophistication

1966 - Working with emotionally disturbed children

  • Referrals of the most severely disturbed children in the Province continues
  • The philosophy of the program still not accepted by many members of the professional community
  • Brown Camps Ltd. (private company) began operations with emphasis on family camping
  • Spring "Warrendale" film, filmed in Etobicoke by Alan King for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation


June 1- John Brown nominated to run in Provincial election for New Democratic Party


June 9 - John Brown fired as Executive Director of Warrendale


June 15 - John Brown negotiated one behalf of the Warrendale program

Warrendale remained in Etobicoke houses

Brown Camps run from Oak Ridges


June 19 - Ministry of Health occupied and took over Warrendale, Etobicoke and Liz Brown Camp

  • Effects felt throughout the agency, government and most particularly by the children in treatment
  • Newspapers ran front page articles for weeks
  • Professionals reacted for and against J.B. and Warrendale method